support proposal with sixth

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Some 118,000 members were called to vote after the Betis match in the clubs first referendum since 1950, when it was decided to leave the Corts stadium and build a new one — the Camp Nou.
The turnout was not quite that high — just under a third of the total.
More than 27,000 members approved plans for a $725 million revamp that will extend the grounds capacity to 105,000 people and develop the surrounding areas. Just over 9,500 voted against.
The project is due to start in 2017 and be completed four years later, including the creation of a 12,000-capacity multi-sports pavilion and 5,000 new parking spaces.
The members were voting for the future of this club, said president Josep Maria Bartomeu, who was appointed after Sandro Rosell stood down in the wake of the Neymar revelations — the club later paid an extra $18.5 million in taxes after being hit with fraud charges.
Days like today are when the world sees what FC Barcelona is and means, he added.
The support for the New Espai Barça proposal has been extraordinary. Its a huge project that will improve the club for years to come.
Saturdays win on the pitch kept Barca a point behind Atletico with six games to play, ahead of Wednesdays second leg of the Champions League quarterfinal at Vicente Calderon, with the score 1-1.
Lionel Messi opened the scoring from the penalty spot in the 15th minute after Alexis Sanchez was tripped by Jordi Figueras, who in the second half diverted Adrianos pass into his own net.
Substitute Ruben Castro immediately reduced the deficit but Messi netted his 25th league goal this season after his 86th-minute penalty was blocked by goalkeeper Adan.

FIFA hits Barcelona with transfer ban

Atletico stayed top with a 1-0 win at home to Villarreal thanks to Raul Garcias first-half header — his 16th goal this season.
Third-placed Real Madrid remained two points behind Barca following a 4-0 win at Real Sociedad, who stayed sixth.
With star player Cristiano Ronaldo injured, record signing Gareth Bale took center stage with an opportunist long-range strike to put Real 2-0 up after Asier Illarramendis opener.
Pepe then volleyed in from fellow defender Sergio Ramos headed pass, while Angel Di Maria sent substitute Alvaro Morata clear to wrap up a comfortable win ahead of the Champions League trip to Borussia Dortmund, with Real holding a 3-0 advantage.
In Italy, Inter Milans hopes of qualifying for the second-tier Europa League suffered a blow as striker Diego Milito missed a penalty in Saturdays 2-2 draw at home to struggling Bologna.
It meant Walter Mazzarris fifth-placed team have not won for the past four Serie A matches.
In France, Paris Saint-Germain guaranteed another season in the Champions League with a 3-0 win at home to Reims which put the Ligue 1 titleholder 16 points clear of second-placed Monaco with six games to play.
Uruguay striker Edinson Cavani made up for the absence of injured star striker Zlatan Ibrahimovic by opening the scoring just before halftime, while Algerian defender Aissa Mandi netted two own-goals after the break.
Read: Barca to appeal unjust ban
Read: Barcelona becoming Less of a Club?
Read: Advantage Atletico in quarterfinal?
Read: Revenge for Real Madrid

Beck s id no g te

(CNN) — The man who opened fire at the Fort Hood military post in Texas was a veteran who served four months in Iraq and was undergoing treatment for mental health issues.
Spc. Ivan Lopez, married with children, moved to the post in Killeen in February from another military installation.
Authorities dont know what prompted the shooting spree Wednesday, where Lopez, 34, killed three people, wounded 16 — before fatally shooting himself.
There arent indications that this was a terrorist act — but officials said they wont rule anything out until the investigation is over.

Luci Hamlin and her husband, Spc. Timothy Hamlin, wait to get back to their home at Fort Hood after a shooting at the Texas Army post on Wednesday, April 2. Multiple people were killed and others injured when a shooter opened fire, a senior military official and law enforcement official told CNN. The officials said the suspected shooter was among the dead.

A police officer checks drivers IDs outside the main gate at Fort Hood.

Krystina Cassidy and Dianna Simpson, waiting outside the Bernie Beck Gate at Fort Hood, try to contact their husbands, who are stationed at the post.

A Bell County Sheriffs Department official stands near a vehicle as cars are checked at the Bernie Beck Gate.

An ambulance makes its way to Fort Hood.

Military personnel and civilians wait outside Fort Hood for updates on the situation.

Vehicles wait at a closed entrance to Fort Hood.

A military police officer stops a car.

Traffic near the main gate of Fort Hood.

Lt. Savanah Hess, a nurse, waits in her car to enter the locked-down post.

Military police direct traffic outside Fort Hood.

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Fort Hood shooting

Lt. General: Dont know shooters motive

There are initial reports there may have been an argument in one of the unit areas, Lt. Gen Mark Milley, the posts commanding general, told reporters late Wednesday.
Obviously, we are digging deep into his background, any criminal or psychiatric history, his experiences in combat. All of the things you would expect us to do are being done right now.
Based on publicly released details, interviews with neighbors and conversations with law enforcement and other sources, heres what we know so far about Lopez:
Combat history:
He served for four months in Iraq in 2011. He was not wounded, according to our records, Milley said. However, Lopez self-reported suffering a traumatic brain injury while deployed, he said.
Medical history:
Lopez suffered from depression, anxiety and other psychiatric complaints and was receiving treatment and medication. He was going through the process required to diagnose Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). He was not diagnosed, as of today, with PTSD, Milley said. That process takes time.
Work history:
Lopez was transferred to Fort Hood from another unnamed base in February. He was assigned to the 13th sustainment command, which deals with the logistical responsibilities for the post. (It was one of two unit buildings where Lopez opened fire).
Retired Army Maj. Gen. James Spider Marks expressed surprise at the transfer. Lopez should have remained at the other base for continuity of care, he said.
Lopez was not in the process of being transitioned out of the military, Milley said.
Family history:

Authorities identify Fort Hood shooter

Life inside Fort Hood

He was married and had a daughter, around 3 years old. Just over a week ago, the family moved in to an apartment complex close to the base.
Neighbor Xanderia Morris described the Lopezs as a typical, average family.
They would smile whenever theyd see someone, she said.
After the news of the shooting broke on television, the wife came out crying. She said Im just worried, Im just worried, Morris said. I tried to console her and comfort her, let her know everything was OK.
When television reports identified the shooter as Lopez, the wife was hysterical, the neighbor said.
She was taken from the apartment by law enforcement officials, and was cooperating, an FBI source told CNN.
Gun used:
Lopez used a .45 caliber Smith and Wesson semiautomatic pistol that he recently purchased in the area, Milley said. He didnt know how much ammunition Lopez was carrying.
If you have weapons and youre on base, its supposed to be registered on base, Milley said. This weapon was not registered on base.
Thats the big unknown.
Theres no indication that this incident is related to terrorism although we are not ruling anything out and the investigation continues, Milley said.
Could it have been an argument? There are initial reports there may have been an argument in one of the unit areas, but no indication of an argument at the WTU, Milley said. WTU is the acronym for the Warrior Transition Command, where wounded, ill and injured soildiders are taught resilience skills.
He also couldnt say whether Lopez knew his victims.
READ: 4 dead, including shooter, at Fort Hood
READ: Obama: Were going to get to the bottom of exactly what happened

CNNs Evan Perez, Ed Lavandera, Pam Brown and Josh Rubin contributed to this report.

Too escort every that williams

Editors note: Watch this weeks episode of Talk Asia with Monita Rajpal featuring Pharrell Williams. It airs for the first escort time on Friday, December 20, 10.30am GMT/6:30 pm HKT. Follow Monita Rajpal on Twitter.
Hong Kong (CNN) — Cerebral. Thats how I would describe the producer, songwriter, musician Pharrell Williams if I could only use one word.
Yes, hes incredibly talented — as co-founder of the production powerhouse The Neptunes, he and his partner Chad Hugo have netted hit after hit. They have worked with everyone from Britney Spears to Madonna. Justin Timberlake to Jay-Z.
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Most recently, Robin Thicke probably wasnt a name you would have been familiar with until you heard this years biggest hit Blurred Lines featuring Pharrell. Yup, that was The Neptunes doing.
And dont forget about Daft Punks Get Lucky the hit No. 2 on the Billboard charts and which Billboard described as the Summer Song of 2013. Its just another part of the Pharrell phenomenon.
If you want to know more about Pharrell, you only have to look as far as the manifesto he wrote on his website. He says, I serve and represent the OTHERS because I am one myself. The others being anyone who has ever felt outside of the norm, anyone who has ever felt they couldnt be categorized, anyone who has ever felt different.
See who else has been on Talk Asia
Its often safer to be inside the proverbial box. But it takes guts to not only say that the box is too small, but to go out and create a whole other space to be free and thrive. And thats what Mr. Williams has done.
For him, the internet is that space. Its a place where democracy rules but individuality reigns. Ironic since here is a guy who has succeeded where very few can. He has been accepted by the establishment in music, fashion, art and architecture. He has become the man everyone wants to work with.
Its his humility and gratitude that make people seek him out.
Monita Rajpal, host Talk Asia
In the research process and through our conversation I saw Williams as more than the man of the moment but a man with cross pop cultural influence.
He showed me a roadmap to a non-predictable professional life, one in which his career is custom-designed and climbs no particular ladder. He speaks of a collective conscience where a shift in humanity means there are no ladders. Instead, its about seeking alternate horizons by designing your own life and your own path.
Through his I Am Other initiative, (which is now the umbrella framework under which all his projects operate) Pharrell capitalizes on this shift by turning the consumer generation he influences into fellow entrepreneurs.
Talk Asia host Monita Rajpal and guest, Pharrell Williams on set.
He has created a forum where people can share and discuss ideas, thereby sealing his own position as a role model. He expresses his own ideas through music, movies, social media, and of course the internet. Williams calls it a customization era because people want what they want right now.
Williams credits his diverse career to a lifelong curiosity that his mother instilled in him. She taught him to be open to all that is around him. And he is.
From conversations with the renowned neuroscientist Dr. Vilayanur S. Ramachandran and their discussions on the psychology of music to collaborations with the artist Takashi Murakami on a sculpture, Pharrell is a man who revels in cross-platform communication because for him, life is about maximizing existence in every way.
Music has been the skeleton key thats opened every door of every opportunity that Ive had.
Pharrell Williams
For Williams though, the most important message he could share to his fans is his perspective on humanity –it is one in which we all have something to offer and it is our duty to our self-respect to live life on our terms. The goal then would be to find a way to serve humanity through our given talents.
Williams shared with me the one thing that stuck with him that Ramachandran told him. He said the apes and the monkeys reach for fruit, but man reaches for stars and thats the difference.
Through that wide-eyed wonder for all that this life has to offer, opportunities have made their way to him. He tells me music has been the skeleton key thats opened every door of every opportunity that (Ive) had.
Well that may be, but its his humility and gratitude that make people seek him out. As he says, he takes his egos hat off and (leaves) it at the door. He is comfortable in his own skin and it shows. Maybe thats why his song Happy has already had over seven million views on YouTube. We all want some of that to rub off on us. I know I do.

Foy when to manchester

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Referee Chris Foy has now issued six red cards to Chelsea players in the last eight of the clubs matches in which he has officiated — and Mourinho was fighting to keep his feelings hidden afterwards in fear of being punished by the authorities.
I prefer not to speak about the decisions. If I speak I am in big trouble, he said after his teams 14-match unbeaten run was ended by a Villa side that moved up to 10th place.
The referees do what they do. They go home and they dont talk to the press, and they refuse even to exchange a couple of words, when one person like me — that is in football for so long — asks politely, Can you speak with me for five seconds?
I ask five seconds to make one simple question and I had no chance because I was sent to the stands.
Its difficult to close the mouth, its very difficult but I have to do it because I dont want to bring the game into disrepute.
Manchester City moved up to second place, but Liverpool and Arsenal could trim Chelseas lead to four points on Sunday with victories in crunch clashes against rivals Manchester United and Tottenham respectively.
It was a difficult start to a big week for Chelsea, whose European Champions League hopes will be tested by Tuesdays visit of Galatasaray ahead of next weekends home clash with Arsenal.
City host the EPLs bottom team Fulham next Saturday ahead of the Manchester derby at Old Trafford and a trip to Arsenal.
I think it was a very good response from the team. It was a very difficult week, City boss Manuel Pellegrini said of his teams win after Kompany was dismissed for bringing down Nikica Jelavic.
I thought before it was clear foul by Jelavic before Vincent did his foul — but the referee didnt see it, he saw the foul of Kompany and he sent him off.
Everton closed to within two points of fifth-placed Tottenham with a 2-1 win at home to second-bottom Cardiff, and Roberto Martinezs team have a game in hand on the Londoners.
Southampton moved up to eighth with a 4-2 win over Norwich, while Newcastle dropped down after losing 1-0 at Fulham.
Stoke joined Villa on 34 points with a 3-1 win at home to West Ham, as former Nigeria striker Peter Odemwingie scored twice.
Sunderland stayed in the bottom three after drawing 0-0 with fellow strugglers Crystal Palace, but West Brom moved three points away from the relegation zone by winning 2-1 at Swansea.
The previous day West Brom sacked Nicolas Anelka after the former France international said he had terminated his own contract in reaction to the clubs response to his fine and ban for performing a controversial quenelle gesture during a match in December.
Read: Can Liverpool end two decades of hurt?
Read: Anelka sacked for quitting club
Read: Cup shock for Man City

Week of the seasons

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(CNN) — Hes used to holding trophies aloft on Sundays but all Tiger Woods is clutching at the moment is his back.
For the second week running the world No. 1 has been beaten by back spasms, sparking concern over his ability to mount a serious challenge at the Masters which gets underway on April 10.
After pulling out during the final round of the Honda Classic at PGA National, Woods challenge at the WGC Cadillac Championship was blunted by spasms which started after hitting a ball from an awkward stance in fairway bunker at the par four sixth at Dorals Blue Monster course.
Thats what set it off and then it was done after that, Woods said following a frustrating round, reported.
Just (tried to) see if I could actually manage through to keep the spasms at bay. But anything in the flexion was done, so the deeper the flexion, the worse it felt.
Woods ended up posting a six-over par 78 to finish tied for 25th after playing his way back in contention for the lead with a superb round of 66 on Saturday.

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If I feel good, I can actually make a pretty decent swing, Woods said. You saw it (on Saturday). But if Im feeling like this, its a little tough.
Read more: Reed re-writes WGC history
Woods has endured a string of injuries in recent years including ligament damage in his left knee and a ruptured Achilles tendon in his right ankle.
His current back problems first emerged during the final round of The Barclays tournament last August — a complaint he put down to a soft mattress in a hotel room.
The 14-time major champion now has 10 days off before his next scheduled event — the Arnold Palmer Invitational at Bay Hill in Orlando, Florida which starts on March 20.
If it flares up, it flares up, Woods said. Its just a matter of keeping it calm, and we had a quick turnaround here from last week. It would be nice to have a week off where I can shut it down and get some treatment.
Twelve months ago, Woods won the tournament to regain the world No. 1 spot before heading onto Augusta where he finished tied for fourth for the third time in four seasons.
He will not need reminding that he last won the Masters way back in 2005 and hasnt won a major of any description since the U.S. Open in 2008. As the 38-year-old noted in January, time may not be on his side, but his desire remains undimmed.
Looking back from the beginning of my career to now, I know that I dont have 20 years in my prime, Woods said.
I dont see being 58 and being in my prime. Most guys dont jump from the foul line at age 58, so its a little different but the outlook is still the same.
I still prepare the same, I still work my tail off to be ready to compete at this level and beat everything that Im playing against.

İn system nearly reason

Editors note: Dont miss Weed 2: Cannabis Madness: Dr. Sanjay Gupta Reports, at 10 p.m. ET on Tuesday. Also, Dr. Gupta will be answering your questions on Reddit at noon ET Tuesday.
(CNN) — Its been eight months since I last wrote about medical marijuana, apologizing for having not dug deeply into the beneficial effects of this plant and for writing articles dismissing its potential. I apologized for my own role in previously misleading people, and I feel very badly that people have suffered for too long, unable to obtain the legitimate medicine that may have helped them.
I have been reminded that a true and productive scientific journey involves a willingness to let go of established notions and get at the truth, even if it is uncomfortable and even it means having to say sorry.
It is not easy to apologize and take your lumps, but this was never about me.
This scientific journey is about a growing number of patients who want the cannabis plant as a genuine medicine, not to get high.
Dr. Sanjay Gupta is a practicing neurosurgeon and CNNs chief medical correspondent.
It is about emerging science that not only shows and proves what marijuana can do for the body but provides better insights into the mechanisms of marijuana in the brain, helping us better understand a plant whose benefits have been documented for thousands of years. This journey is also about a Draconian system where politics override science and patients are caught in the middle.
Since our documentary Weed aired in August, I have continued to travel the world, investigating and asking tough questions about marijuana.
I have met with hundreds of patients, dozens of scientists and the curious majority who simply want a deeper understanding of this ancient plant. I have sat in labs and personally analyzed the molecules in marijuana that have such potential but are also a source of intense controversy. I have seen those molecules turned into medicine that has quelled epilepsy in a child and pain in a grown adult. Ive seen it help a woman at the peak of her life to overcome the ravages of multiple sclerosis.
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I am more convinced than ever that it is irresponsible to not provide the best care we can, care that often may involve marijuana.
I am not backing down on medical marijuana; I am doubling down.
I should add that, although Ive taken some heat for my reporting on marijuana, it hasnt been as lonely a position as I expected. Legislators from several states have reached out to me, eager to inform their own positions and asking to show the documentary to their fellow lawmakers.
Ive avoided any lobbying, but of course it is gratifying to know that people with influence are paying attention to the film. One place where lawmakers saw a long clip was Georgia, where the state House just passed a medical marijuana bill by a vote of 171-4. Before the legislative session started, most people didnt think this bill had a chance.
More remarkable, many doctors and scientists, worried about being ostracized for even discussing the potential of marijuana, called me confidentially to share their own stories of the drug and the benefit it has provided to their patients. I will honor my promise not to name them, but I hope this next documentary will enable a more open discussion and advance science in the process.
Marijuana is classified as a Schedule I substance, defined as the most dangerous drugs with no currently accepted medical use.
Neither of those statements has ever been factual. Even many of the most ardent critics of medical marijuana dont agree with the Schedule I classification, knowing how its impeded the ability to conduct needed research on the plant.
Even the head of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, Dr. Nora Volkow, seems to have softened her stance; she told me she believes we need to loosen restrictions for researchers.
Along the way, the public has become intensely engaged. Our collective society has paid closer attention to this issue than ever before, and with that increased education, support for medical marijuana has only grown, including in some unexpected places.
Pete Carroll, the coach of the Super Bowl-winning Seattle Seahawks, said the National Football League should explore medical marijuana if it helps players. NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell hasnt dismissed the idea, saying that if marijuana is reconsidered by the medical establishment, the league would treat it the same as any other medicine. Goodell also says the NFL is following the science that suggests marijuana may help recovery from concussions.
Recently, I had the chance to tell him that the United States already holds a patent on medical marijuana for that very purpose. Patent No. 6630507: Cannabinoids are found to have particular application as neuroprotectants, for example in limiting neurological damage following ischemic insults, such as stroke or trauma.
However, this particular issue still bothers me: How can the government deny the benefits of medical marijuana even as it holds a patent for those very same benefits? Members of the Food and Drug Administration declined my repeated requests for an interview.
This past year, President Barack Obama told the New Yorker magazine, I dont think (marijuana) is more dangerous than alcohol. And yet, as alcohol remains available to any adult, the president has not moved to remove marijuana from the list of the most tightly controlled substances in the country.
Since I started my reporting on this topic, I have mostly resisted temptation to inject a subjective moral equivalency into this discussion, such as pitting alcohol against marijuana or reminding you that cocaine and methamphetamine are actually more available than marijuana to patients, physicians and medical researchers: They are Schedule II drugs, with recognized medical uses. Or telling you that on average, a person dies every 19 minutes in this country from a legal prescription drug overdose, while it is virtually unheard-of to die from a marijuana overdose.
But, with a discussion like this, consistency does matter. Terms matter, too.
We are talking about a medicine, known scientifically as cannabis. In order for people to start thinking of this substance as a medicine, perhaps we should start calling it by its medical name, something that was suggested to me by medical marijuana advocates pretty much everywhere I went this year.
Ive tried to pull together these latest developments in our new documentary, Cannabis Madness. Although the 1936 film Reefer Madness was propaganda made to advance an agenda with dramatic falsehoods and hyperbole, I hope you will find Cannabis Madness an accurate reflection of what is happening today, injected with the best current science.
You will meet families all across the country — a stay-at-home mom from Ohio, a nurse practitioner from Florida, an insurance salesman from Alabama — more than 100 families who have all left jobs, homes, friends and family behind and moved to Colorado to get the medicine that relieves their suffering.
As things stand now, many of these good people dont ever get to return home. Why? Because transporting their medicine, even if it is a non-psychoactive cannabis oil, could get them arrested for drug trafficking. And so they are stuck, cannabis refugees.
You will meet them, and if youre like me, youll be heartbroken to hear their stories, but youll also have a lump in your throat when you see the raw, true love these parents have for their sick children.
History books may one day draw a parallel between this chapter of medical marijuana and the story of David and Goliath. Playing the role of Davids slingshot, which ultimately brought Goliath to his knees, would be a 2-year-old girl named Vivian Wilson. She inspired her father to challenge the system in a spectacular way that caused a nation to stop for a moment and take note.
For months, we have filmed and followed the Wilson family with all of their trials and tribulations, and you will meet the whole family in the upcoming documentary.
I am a father myself, first and foremost. I dont want my children taking or being offered a psychoactive substance. As a neurosurgeon, I know that the developing brain is more susceptible to the most harmful effects of cannabis and that brain development continues well into our mid-20s.
I also worry that generations from now, my great-grandkids will find Internet headlines referring to me as the pot doc. I do hope they will also read the rest of the story and understand the lives of the countless people who have suffered needlessly when a plant could have helped. I hope they know that I have dedicated my time to researching the medical literature, speaking to the scientists in person and piecing together a fact-based presentation meant to educate, not frighten.
I hope future generations wont consider me naive. Yes, I know there is a concern that many people out there will feign ailments just to get marijuana. But withholding legitimate treatment for the needy is a very unjust way of addressing that concern.
As a physician and reporter, I feel a deeper obligation to present the real stories, soundly supported with the science from all over the world.
When I first apologized for my previous marijuana reporting, I was thinking about the impact that reporting may have had on Charlotte Figi. She is a sweet little girl whose brain was locked in nearly nonstop seizure activity. Without success, she tried seven different medications, stringent diets and high-dose supplements. Modern medicine had nothing more to offer, which is why her parents turned to an ancient plant. As you know, it worked.
And, as you will see, she is one of so many patients out there, suffering from different ailments, who believe cannabis rescued them when nothing else did.
For conditions like Charlottes, the American Epilepsy Society says that there are a million people for whom existing therapies do not control their seizures. The society recently said anecdotes about medical marijuana give reason for hope and said it supports well-controlled studies that will lead to a better understanding of the disease and the development of safe and effective treatments.
You should know that Charlotte continues to do well. When I saw her around the holidays, she ran over and gave me a hug. She looked me in the eyes, took me by the hand and led me all around to meet her friends. She is a delightful, happy and now healthy little girl.
I know the discussion around this topic will no doubt get heated. I have felt that heat. But I feel a greater responsibility than ever to make sure those heated discussions are also well-informed by science.
And, with that: I hope you get a chance to watch on March 11 at 10 p.m. Eastern.

Women proudly to said

Editors note: CNNs On the Road series brings you a greater insight into the history, customs and culture of Ghana. CNN explores the places, the people and the passions unique to this African nation.
(CNN) — Durable, shock resistant and, most of all, growing in a ready-to-use tubular form, its a wonder bamboo hasnt always been used to make bicycle frames.
While the prototype for a bamboo-framed bicycle was first developed as early as 1894 — causing a minor sensation when it was unveiled at a London technology show at the time — the idea never took off.
Now 120 years later and a small but determined outfit in Ghana is working hard to change all that.
We cant keep (up) demand with the orders for our customized bicycles, explains Bernice Dapaah, the executive director of Ghana Bamboo Bikes Initiative. We are hoping to go into mass production by June this year.
While mass production for a company that currently employs about 30 people means turning out just 60 to 100 of the beautiful handmade bicycles a month, Dapaah is confident of scaling up the operation.

Theyre made by women and they are teaching others to make and sell them so that they have another income.
Christiana Figueres, UNFCCC

We the people.A hand painted frameGhana Bamboo Bikes Initiative

Here the advent of a minimal amount of technology has made all the difference.
We still do it by hand, but now weve got a construction jig and this makes manufacture that much faster, she told CNN from the small factory outside the capital Accra.
Using a method developed by American engineer Craig Calfee — a renowned bicycle designer who first experimented with bamboo bicycles in 1995 — the frames are lashed together with fiber and then coated with epoxy.
Sturdy, and with a greater weight-to-strength ratio than steel, the bikes are robust, make for a smooth ride and are gaining a small but devoted following in Europe.
Growing international attention
We are getting a lot of interest from the United Kingdom where people are using them for touring, she said. And theyre popular with shops and exhibitors because people like the look of them.

We are getting a lot of interest from the United Kingdom where people are using them for touring.
Bernice Dapaah, Bamboo Bikes Initiative

Their first prototype came out of the factory more than four years ago and is still in operation. Dapaah said the bikes are remarkably durable and theres every indication that the first model will continue for many years to come.
With just two sticks of bamboo enough to make one bicycle, and six regions in Ghana where bamboo grows abundantly, the Ghana Bike Initiative is unlikely to run out of raw materials.

Ban Ki Moon and Christiana Figueres of the UNFCCC at COP19 in Warsaw last year. Getty Images/AFP

Last November the bicycle was the darling of the Warsaw Climate Change Conference (Conference of the Parties 19) where UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon donned a crash helmet to take a shaky turn around the conference center on one of the Ghanaian bikes.
Christiana Figueres, the head of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), also entrusted herself to the bicycles rigid pannier rack to hitch a ride around the center.
Theyre made by women and these women are teaching other women to make these bamboo bikes and to sell them so that they have another income stream, Figueres said.
Building opportunities
As a vehicle for womens emancipation, the bicycle in history has been unrivalled.
During the bicycle craze in the United States and Europe of the late 19th century, it came to symbolize the new woman, not only giving them unprecedented mobility but launching reform movements such as the Rational Dress Society which advocated for a womans right to dress appropriately for cycling.

Manufacturing the bamboo frame.Ghana Bamboo Bikes Initiative

For Dapaah — who co-founded the company with school friends Kwame Kyei and Winnifred Selby — the Ghana Bamboo Bikes Initiative proudly carries on that tradition.
Currently we have about 20 to 25 women trained who are working in the factory but as we expand we hope to bring more on board, she said, adding that the initiative was launched as a way of using local renewable materials and satisfied local needs and created employment opportunities.
Not only that but it looks cool and attractive, she said.
One customized model even comes emblazoned with Martin Luther King motifs rendered in distinctive Ghanaian folk-art style.
She said the prize the initiative won last year in Warsaw, the UNFCCC Momentum for Change Women for Results Award, was bringing with it more attention, more orders and greater ambitions for the company.
Currently we dont manufacture many of the metal parts — the chain and the forks we have to import but some of the metal parts for the frame are manufactured here.
But we are hoping that if we find a collaborator in the medium to long-term, the tires, the wheels, the chain, and everything else could be made here in our factory.

CNNs On the Road series often carries sponsorship originating from the countries we profile. However CNN retains full editorial control over all of its reports. Read the policy

Tomb some dry strata

(CNN) — Imagine a warm brew of lager so heady you had to plunge a straw through the thick surface scum to get to the fermented liquor below.
Welcome to the favored brew of ancient Egypts New Kingdom; a 3,200-year-old barley beer that a new archaeological find this month is shedding new light on.
A Japanese team headed by Jiro Kondo of Waseda University stumbled on the tomb of ancient beer-maker Khonso Em Heb while cleaning the courtyard of another tomb at the Thebes necropolis in the Egyptian city of Luxor.
The tomb, replete with highly colored frescoes, is being hailed as one of the most significant finds of recent times.
Egypts antiquities minister Mohamed Ibrahim described Khonso Em Heb as the chief maker of beer for gods of the dead adding that the tombs chambers contain fabulous designs and colors, reflecting details of daily life… along with their religious rituals.
One fresco shows Khonso Em Heb — who apart from being a brewer, headed the royal storehouses during the pharaonic Ramesside period (1,292–1,069 BC) — making offerings to the gods along with his wife and daughter.
The newly discovered tomb is to be placed under tight security until the excavation work is completed, the ministry said in a press statement.
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The frescoes depict daily life and religious rituals.
According to Professor Poo Mun Chou, a leading Egyptologist at Hong Kongs Chinese University, the discovery is not only significant in terms of what it tells archaeologists about life during the New Kingdom period of Ancient Egypt, but marks a new direction for Egypts beleaguered antiquities ministry.
Still reeling from a disastrous break-in at the Cairo Museum in 2011 — when looters smashed two mummies and made off with more than 50 artifacts — Egypts Supreme Council of Antiquities had slapped stringent restrictions on archaeological digs.
For Professor Poo, the latest discovery is a sign that archeology in Egypt may be returning to normal.
The significance in this find is that for quite some time archaeologists havent been able to excavate an intact tomb, he said.
This is a new find and is quite unexpected.
Poo Man Chou, Egyptologist
An intact tomb will give us a more complete view of the funerary customs which can be compared with other tomb paintings.
He said the frescoes were well preserved.
The Supreme Council of Antiquities has for some time had a policy of not excavating new tombs but preserving those tombs that have already been excavated.
This is a new find and is quite unexpected.
Apart from the recent political turmoil in Egypt, which has led to a surge in the number of illegal digs and antiquities damaged by looters, Professor Poo said the sheer speed with which new discoveries were being made had meant the government was having difficulty keeping up with logging and preserving the finds.
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Excavation around Thebes could be returning to normal.
Add to this the problem of protecting ancient tombs, which begin to degrade the moment they are opened, and Egypts antiquities authorities have their work cut out for them.
In Egypt, of course, the dry weather means the danger of this is less, but still after some time the color of the painting begins to fade away.
That is why Egypt now has a stricter policy.
While foreign archaeological teams are still operating in Egypt, the political climate has made it more difficult for them to do their work.
Even the International Association of Egyptologists (IAE) was told late last year that Egypt — because of the political situation — was unable to host the 2014 International Congress of Egyptologists.
The IAE is currently seeking bids for a second country to host the prestigious congress.
Meanwhile, historians and archaeologists are making use of the latest find while it is still available to be studied.
Alcohol in ancient Egypt was very important — not just in terms of daily consumption but also as an offering to deities. Beer, in particular was very important, said Poo.
Beer during the New Kingdom period was probably one-fifth or even one-tenth the price of wine making it a very popular drink for people of all social strata.
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While the appeal of beer across all social classes remains to this day, Professor Poo says the modern drinker might struggle to recognize the barley or millet-based beverage of ancient times.
While its a close cousin to modern beer, its manufacture was more primitive and they had to use a tube to extract the liquid from below which would have had a fermented layer of substance floating on the top of the jar, he said.
It would have had bubbles, he added.

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